Ulcerative Colitis Medication

Ulcerative Colitis Medications Explained

The following sections take a closer look at the medications listed above. 
Sulfasalazine (Azulfidine®) is one of the most commonly used drugs for the treatment of ulcerative colitis. It contains a substance that helps control inflammation. While sulfasalazine can be effective at treating ulcerative colitis and maintaining remission, side effects can occur during treatment with the medicine. In many cases, sulfasalazine has to be taken for long periods of time.
Some common side effects with this medication include:
Let your healthcare provider know if you are allergic to sulfa drugs.
Other Aminosalicylates
Sulfasalazine was the first aminosalicylate used to treat ulcerative colitis, helping not only to treat symptoms but also to maintain remission in people with mild-to-moderate cases of the disease. However, sulfasalazine can cause undesirable side effects in a number of people.
Because of these undesirable side effects of sulfasalazine, researchers have developed a new type of aminosalicylate that does not contain the part of sulfasalazine responsible for the side effects. The medicines in this new group of drugs are known as 5-aminosalicylates, or 5-ASAs for short.
The medicines in this class of ulcerative colitis drugs are used for people who do not benefit from sulfasalazine or who cannot tolerate it. Similar to sulfasalazine, 5- aminosalicylates help relieve inflammation in the digestive tract, which helps to treat the signs and symptoms of mild-to-moderate ulcerative colitis.
There are several types of 5-aminosalicylates, including:
These medicines come in several forms, including pills, enemas, and rectal suppositories. Overall, the 5-ASA drugs have fewer side effects than sulfasalazine. Up to 90 percent of people who cannot take sulfasalazine can take another aminosalicylate.
In many cases, these medicines must be taken for long periods of time to prevent a relapse of symptoms. Some common side effects with these medications include:
Let your healthcare provider know if you are allergic to sulfa drugs.

Information on Ulcerative Colitis

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