Pentasa is medicine licensed for the treatment of ulcerative colitis. It can significantly improve symptoms and help prevent flare-ups from returning. The prescription drug is available in the form of controlled-release capsules, which are specially designed to dissolve slowly over time to allow the medication to be released throughout the intestinal tract. Side effects of Pentasa may include diarrhea and nausea.
What Is Pentasa?
Who Makes It?
Pentasa is manufactured by Shire USA, Inc.
How Does Pentasa Work?
Pentasa belongs to a group of medications called aminosalicylates. It is thought that the drug works by inhibiting the production of inflammatory chemicals in the lining of the colon. Pentasa decreases the production of prostaglandins and leukotrienes, chemicals that lead to the inflammation caused by ulcerative colitis.
The capsules are controlled-release, meaning they dissolve slowly over time. This allows the medication to be released throughout the gastrointestinal tract.
Effects of Pentasa
In clinical studies, people taking Pentasa experienced fewer symptoms of ulcerative colitis (including fever, trips to the toilet, bleeding, and pain) when compared to those not taking the medication.
When and How to Take It
General considerations for when and how to take Pentasa include the following:
- The medication comes in capsule form. It is usually taken by mouth four times daily.
- You can take Pentasa with or without food. If the medicine bothers your stomach, try taking it with food.
- The capsules are controlled-release and should not be opened, chewed, or crushed.
- Pentasa should be taken at the same times each day to maintain an even level in your blood.
- For the medication to work properly, it must be taken as prescribed. Pentasa will not work if you stop taking it.