Colitis Home > Ulcerative Colitis Medication

Many types of medication can be used to treat ulcerative colitis, such as biologic response modifiers, corticosteroids, and immunosuppressive drugs. Before taking any of these medications, it's important to ask your healthcare provider about the potential side effects. Also, consult your healthcare provider before taking any vitamin or herbal supplements, since these drugs can sometimes be dangerous for people who have the disease.

An Overview of Medications for Ulcerative Colitis

There is no cure for ulcerative colitis, except for surgery that removes the whole colon. However, there are medicines that can be prescribed to:
Your healthcare provider will consider a number of factors before deciding on which ulcerative colitis medicine or medicines make the most sense for your particular situation. Some of these factors include:
  • The severity of symptoms
  • Complications you may be experiencing (see Ulcerative Colitis Complications)
  • Other ulcerative colitis medications you have tried in the past.
Not everyone with ulcerative colitis responds in the same way to medicines, so your healthcare provider may have to try several medicines before finding one that controls the disease and minimizes side effects.
Some examples of medicines that are used for ulcerative colitis include:
  • Sulfasalazine
  • Other aminosalicylates
  • Corticosteroids
  • Immunosuppressive drugs
  • Biologic response modifiers
  • Antidiarrheal medicines.
Written by/reviewed by:
Last reviewed by: Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
Last updated/reviewed:
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