Complications of Crohn's Disease

Systemic Complications of Crohn's Disease Explained

The following sections list some of the other problems that may occur in people with Crohn's disease.
 
Nutritional Problems
With Crohn's disease, nutritional complications are common. Deficiencies of proteins, calories, and vitamins are well documented in people with Crohn's disease.
 
These deficiencies may be caused by inadequate dietary intake, intestinal loss of protein, or poor absorption (known as malabsorption). Some of these deficiencies may involve calcium, zinc, magnesium, and phosphate. The healthcare provider may prescribe vitamins to prevent such deficiencies from occurring.
 
Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis (thinning of bones) is also a threat to people with Crohn's disease because of:
 
  • Low calcium and vitamin D intake through dairy products
  • Poor absorption of nutrients in the body
  • The use of corticosteroids (for Crohn's disease treatment).
     
(Click Crohn's and Osteoporosis for more information. Also, click Osteoporosis Prevention to learn how to prevent this condition.)
 
Joint Problems
Up to 25 percent of people with Crohn's disease will have joint complications. This may include intermittent joint tenderness or arthritis. Two types of arthritis seen in people with Crohn's disease include enteropathic arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis.
 
Skin Problems
Skin problems are more commonly seen when the colon is affected. Skin complications occur in about 15 percent of people with Crohn's disease.

Crohn's Disease Information

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